This spectacular route begins west of Ollantaytambo, in the Sacred Valley, the access goes into the narrow valley of the river Tancca, over the eastern slope of the snow cape Veronica (5350 mt). As travellers get higher, the road shows us the grass and herds of andean camelidaes dominating the landscape. A small chapel marks the highest point of the route, the Abra Malaga (4230 mt), at a great height that allows us to start the descent into the high jungle.
The vegetation of Abra Malaga, is typical of the Puna ecoregion, it highlights the tiny wild flora which has various forms and colors, which supports extreme conditions, and forms unique, quaint and attractive gardens and dwarf forests. In the horizon it’s possible to see the snowy Mount Veronica.
There are many Polylepis forests, which are characterized by their peeling logs, they have a shell composed of several layers in sheet form that are falling and breaking. Locals use small Polylepis tree leaves covered with a thin layer of wax to prevent dehydration, these trees are important for indigenous communities because they are a source of wood for cooking and building corrals, as well as being a medicinal plant.
The Abra Malaga consists of 1053 hectares, many tourists are often dazzled by its magic for example: the variety of birds that are in the area, some of them endangered, the most common one is an Andean Churrete, a bustling brown bird whose call is similar to a ratchet. There is also the Bull Pechicenizo which owes its name to the horn-shaped feathers of his head and the upper zone of its body, they stand right up when competition is around. They join other species like condors, hawks, the rare dwarf deer, spectacled bears, playful otters, among others that make the site a wonderful memory.
Other visitors are attracted by the froms of the hills, suitable for mountain biking and trekking. In the morning and especially in the evening, you can watch the mountain Veronica as a fascinating picture that is certainly stored in a special place in the memory of any traveller.
The area is unique because of some quechua communities like the Ayllu, the Thastayoc and the Panticalle that still maintain their ancestral identity with festivities linked to the celebration of the Pachamama (payment the spirit of the land) and the Apus or sacred mountains, saintlike gods, their colorful costumes and a lot of symbolism
Among the fauna that is protected in the area, you can find the spectacled bear and the Tanka Taruka (a rare kind of deer).